October: The month in History
These are some landmark events in the history of the Catholic Church, to help the readers to understand the depth and breadth of the mammoth monolith called the Catholic Church.
October 12, 1492: Most celebrated Catholic explorer: After a 33- day voyage, most celebrated Catholic explorer Christopher Columbus made his first landfall in the New Worlds the Bahamas. He named the first land sighted as El Salvador in honour of the Spanish Crown. Mistaking it as part of India, he called the natives Indians. Thus an evangelization route was inaugurated for the Church.
October 11, 1521: Defender of the Faith: King Henry VIII of England was given the title Defender of the Faith by Pope Leo X following the publication of the King’s book against Martin Luther.
October 4, 1582: Gregorian calendar: The Gregorian Calendar took effect in Catholic countries as Pope Gregory XIII issued a decree correcting a 10-day error accumulated by the Julian calendar. Britain and the American colonies adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1752.
October 11, 1962: Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII opened the Second Vatican Council at Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome. This Council brought about revolutionary changes in the Catholic Church including the use of English and the local native languages in the Mass instead of Latin, and openness and cooperation with other religions and denominations.
October 4, 1965: First Pope to address UN: Pope Paul VI became the first pope to visit the United States of America and the first to address the UN.
(These are some landmark events in the history of the Catholic Church, to help the readers to understand the depth and breadth of the mammoth monolith called the Catholic Church, spread across all the continents and having diplomatic relationship with almost all the countries of the 218 states, in the comity of the nations)