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November: The Month in History

These are some landmark events in the history of the Catholic Church, to help the readers to understand the depth and breadth of the mammoth monolith called the Catholic Church.

November: The Month in History

November 1, 451: Council of Chalcedon: The fourth ecumenical council, one of the earliest councils, closed on this date. In this council the Chalcedonian creed was issued that re-asserted Jesus as True God and True Man and the dogma of the Virgin Mary as the Mother of God. The council excommunicated Eutyches leading to the schism with Oriental Orthodoxy.

November 18, 1626: Dedication of Basilica: 300 years after Pope Sylvester I consecrated the first basilica built by Emperor Constantine, Pope Urban VIII solemnly dedicated the New Basilica of St. Peter I.

November 11, 1215: Lateran Council: Pope Innocent III opened the Fourth Ecumenical Lateran Council and on November 30, 1215 he closed the Council approving seventy decrees, the definition of  being among them.

November 27, 1095: Defence of the East: Though the Western and the Eastern Churches had a conflicting course throughout history, there were popes who staunchly supported the Eastern Church. On this day when Pope Urban II preached to defend the Eastern Christians, and pilgrims to the Holy Land at the Council of Clermont, he was proving the same.

November 20, 2016: Mercy and Peace: Pope Francis published his encyclical Misericordia et Misera. It was indeed a call for our times that without mercy peace is not possible.

November 30, 1894: Orientalium Dignitas: Pope Leo XIII published the Encyclical Orientalium Dignitas (On the Churches of the East) to safeguard the importance and continuance of the Eastern traditions for the whole Church.

November 24, 2013: Evangelii Gaudium: Pope Francis brought out his Apostolic Exhortation on the Proclamation of the Gospel in Today's World with these opening words: “The joy of the gospel fills the hearts and lives of all who encounter Jesus. Those who accept his offer of salvation are set free from sin, sorrow, inner emptiness and loneliness. With Christ joy is constantly born anew.”

November 30, 1433: Eucharistic Miracle: A Eucharistic miracle took place in November 1433. A small church in Avignon, France, run by the Franciscan order was exhibiting a consecrated host for perpetual adoration. Because of torrential continuous rains for several days, on November 30, Avignon was flooded.

Although water around the church was four feet high, a pathway from the doorway to the altar was perfectly dry, and the sacred host was untouched. The water had been held back in the same way the Red Sea had parted. The Franciscan brothers celebrate the memory of the miracle on every November 30. Before the blessing of the sacrament, the brothers perform a sacred chant taken from the Canticle of Moses, which was composed after the parting of the Red Sea.

(These are some landmark events in the history of the Catholic Church, to help the readers to understand the depth and breadth of the mammoth monolith called the Catholic Church, spread across all the continents and having diplomatic relationship with almost all the countries of the 218 states, in the comity of the nations)

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