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January: The month in History

These are some landmark events in the history of the Catholic Church, to help the readers to understand the depth and breadth of the mammoth monolith called the Catholic Church.

January: The month in History

January 1, 1997: The Incredible Catholic Mass, an Explanation of the Catholic Mass is a 432 page volume authored by Martin Von Cochem, a marvellous book about the Holy Eucharist.

Its publication by TAN books was an absolute revelation to most Catholics and an intellectually invigorating event in the history of the Catholic theology.

January 1, 1991: Australian Catholic University (ACU) was opened on 1 January 1991 following the amalgamation of four Catholic tertiary institutions in eastern Australia: Catholic College of Education Sydney in New South Wales, Institute of Catholic Education in Victoria, McAuley College of Queensland, Signadou College of Education in the Australian Capital Territory.

These institutions had their origins in the mid-1800s, when religious orders and institutes became involved in preparing teachers for Catholic schools and, later, nurses for Catholic hospitals. The University is a member of the publicly-funded national system of Australian universities, the Association of Commonwealth Universities and the International Federation of Catholic Universities.

January 8, 1454: Romanus Pontiflex by Pope Nicholas V is an extremely important papal bull in the history of the Indian Christianity. Written by “Nicholas, bishop, servant of the servants of God for a perpetual remembrance” and addressed to ‘the illustrious Alfonso, king of the kingdoms of Portugal and Algarve’, the bull did bring all the colonial territories under the rule of the pope and Alfonso with one stroke.

Thus Romanus Pontiflex brought under the pope and the king the whole of Indian Christianity making the churches in Kerala subservient to the Portuguese rule. So some Christian thinkers consider this papal bull as a blot on Indian Christianity.

January 10, 1276: Pope Gregory X died at Arezzo, Tuscany – a region of central Italy. At the time of his death there were probably 15 cardinals in the Sacred College, but only 13 of them participated in the subsequent conclave to elect the pope. Seven of them were created by Urban IV, four by Gregory X and one by Gregory IX.

January 21 1276: The first papal election held under the rules of constitution Ubi periculum issued by Pope Gregory X in 1274, which established papal conclaves. According to Ubi periculum Cardinals were to be secluded in a closed area; they were not even accorded separate rooms.

No cardinal was allowed to be attended by more than one servant unless ill. Food was to be supplied through a window; after three days of the meeting, the cardinals were to receive only one dish a day; after five days, they were to receive just bread and water. During the conclave, no cardinal was to receive any ecclesiastical revenue.

(These are some landmark events in the history of the Catholic Church, to help the readers to understand the depth and breadth of the mammoth monolith called the Catholic Church, spread across all the continents and having diplomatic relationship with almost all the countries of the 218 states, in the comity of the nations)

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